Frye in "Our Modern Century" makes the case, if I can recall
correctly, that most of the events that made the 20th century "modern"
(such as Einstein's "e=mc2", Ibsen's "A Doll's
House") occurred within a brief period of its first ten or so years.
would you think of the end of the 19th century as a time of terrorism?
("Social Studies", Michael Kesterton, Globe and
Mail, September 12, 2001)
the 19th century ended, it seemed no one was safe from terrorist attack,"
wrote Walter Laquer in the journal Foreign Affairs in 1996. In 1894, an
Italian anarchist assassinated French president Sadi Carnot. In 1897,
anarchists fatally stabbed Empress Elizabeth of Austria and killed Antonio
Canovas, the Spanish Prime Minister. In 1900, Umberto I, the Italian
king, fell in yet another terrorist attack; in 1901 an American anarchist
killed William McKinley, president of the United States. Terrorism became the
leading preoccupation of politicians, police chiefs, journalists, and writers
from Dostoyevsky to Henry James. If the year 1900 the leaders of the main
industrial powers had assembled, most of them would have insisted on giving
terrorism top priority on their agenda."
When the twentieth century, slowly
turned into the 21st, our celebrations were largely muted under the threats of
Y2K blackouts and threats of terrorism such as those that were uncovered in
Seattle, Washington - threats that seems so unreal at the time.
is the now the year 2001. The previous "Day
of Infamy" has been remembered as just another romance
and special effects film.
September 11, 2001 will be known as the true beginning to our new millennium.
you want peace, work for justice."